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A Process Model For Integrating Evacuation Performance Analysis And Building Code Rule-Checking In All Phases Of BIM Design Process

Charles Eastman and Maher El-khaldi

The 2010 Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC 10)
Ottawa, Canada, July 11-14, 2010


Evacuation is an important design issue to address. It can only be appreciated when an unexpected disaster takes place. Evacuation performance is studied through evacuation analysis tools. Performance measures of evacuation analysis results can be used to develop performance indicators (PI’s) to help give meaningful insights to the behavior of evacuation systems. However, PI’s may not correspond to building code, thus rule checking is required. Automation is rule-checking processes became available through a number of platforms with various capabilities. Evacuation analysis tools and building code rule-checking tools require different representations, DXF and IFC respectively. IFC is also the file format being used to support file exchange in BIM authoring tools. BIM is being to accommodate for the complexity of design projects which regular conceptual modeling tools cannot support. A disjoint in the design process is apparent when designers carry information from BIM authoring tools to analysis tools (in general) and rule-checking tools. Each set of tools requires a certain set of parameters, and a certain set of building model elements. A design process model is proposed to help deal with the integration, data exchange issue.

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